Education System in Taiwan
The Taiwanese education system has been challenged for emphasizing learning by rote as opposed to understanding. Yet 95% of children go on after their mandatory 9 years to study further at high schools, trade schools or college. The first 6 grades are taken at elementary school, where English is compulsory.
At junior high school, the main goal of pupils is to capture high marks to help them study further. Many stay on at school long after hours to attend extra classes that may only end at 8 pm. The curriculum is similarly impressive, including literature, Mathematics, English language, science and technology, social studies, civics, history, and geography. At the end of this phase, students are assigned to more advanced schools on the basis of their performance in the national senior high school entrance examination.
Senior high school lasts for 3 years during which the goal of students is to aspire to enter university. There is often a choice between science and liberal arts programs. University entrance is granted through entrance examinations.
Vocational training takes place in parallel for 3 years too. Here though, there is greater emphasis on vocationally relevant practical skills. Most students choose to specialize in a core subject, for example, computer science, a particular engineering skill, or business methods. It is not unusual for students to follow this route to university too.
There are over 100 higher education institutions in Taiwan. These include many accredited trade schools and colleges. Some of these are state-built and some are private businesses. Engineering, accounting, medicine, and law are quite popular courses.
The most prestigious universities include National Taiwan University (north, comprehensive), National Chung Hsing University (middle, agriculture, and biology) and National Cheng Kung University (south, engineering, medical, science).
Education System in Sri Lanka
The Constitution of Sri Lanka provides free education as a fundamental right. School education in Sri Lanka is compulsory through to age 16, when students may disengage in favor of an apprenticeship or job. The first 5 years spent in primary school. At the end of this, a scholarship examination may permit access to a superior grade of school.
Four years of middle school follow to complete the compulsory education phase. The curriculum comprises pre-determined academic subjects with little or no choice allowed.
Grades 10 and 11 prepare secondary school students who wish to attempt their G.C.E Ordinary Level Examination. However, they must continue at collegiate levels for a similar period, and complete their G.C.E Advanced Level Examination, if they wish to subsequently enter university to study further.
The state provides a number of vocational and technical training centers, and programs for apprenticeship training too. These take place within a system of 7 levels of qualifications (National Vocational Qualification (NVQ)), of which the upper one is rated equivalent to degree level.
Admission to the Sri Lankan state university system is based on the highly competitive GCE Advanced Level examination. Undergraduate education in state universities is free but the entrance is extremely competitive, limited. There are currently fifteen state universities in Sri Lanka, which are established under the authority of the University Grants Commission, other Government Universities that are established by Acts of Parliament of Sri Lanka as well as private Universities and Institutes. A student can follow various causes based on their education level as well as interest. Medicine, Engineering, Computer & IT, Bio/ Physical Science, Law, Arts, Management, and Finance are some courses that student can study in higher education level.